Canada is the second largest country in the world (after Russia), with an area of some 10 million square kilometers. Despite its huge dimensions, the country's population is relatively small at around 35 million. Canada is the northernmost country in North America, and it borders upon the United States in the south and northwest, and Greenland in the northeast.
Telephone Code: +1 (Ottawa +613; Toronto +647; Vancouver +778; Montreal +450)
Time Zone: Greenwich Mean Time – 8 hours
Weather: In the centre of the country, the climate is continental with warm summers (July average 15-25°C) and cold, snowy winters (January average °C). The maritime climates of the east and west coasts tend to be milder in winter and cooler in summer.